• There is a lack of nutritious food for many people worldwide.
  • Although there is a surplus of food produced, millions of people face starvation and experience  chronic hunger.
  • There is increasing child malnutrition in developing nations resulting in many school students who attend classes hungry.
  • Many people are unable to grow their own food or purchase what they are unable to grow, while others are either unable to engage in labor or struggle to manage their own agricultural lands.
  • Rising food prices, especially for staple crops, have created vulnerable food insecurities and social unrest in many poor countries.

  • Unequal economic growth, poverty, and unemployment are the prime causes of hunger.
  • Food shortages in some developing nations.
  • Inadequate food policies can give rise to food insecurities.
  • Climate change is damaging food and water supply.
  • Minorities and some genders cannot gain equal access to sufficient food and water supply.
  • Armed conflicts and war cause people to migrate resulting in  poverty and unemployment.
  • The lack of arable land in food scarce countries could create a constraint on food supplies that fail to meet the demands of a growing population.

  • The number of people who remain undernourished globally was reported to have reached 795 million people, and this figure remains high despite measures to curb it.
  • Child malnutrition is likely to result in millions of deaths annually and disrupt learning in school-going children. This not only increases dropout rates but is likely to affect overall education levels of young citizens.
  • High food prices could continue to plague low-income populations, thereby increasing their depth of poverty as well as drive up disease and malnourishment.
  • Global warming could result in water shortages that drive migration to more self-sufficient regions, thereby increasing demand and the strain for food.

  • Develop self-sustainable societies where policies are designed for local communities to independently manage their food security issues.
  • Institute policy reforms to strengthen gender inequality issues, empower women, and eradicate discrimination as a measure of strengthening food security strategies.
  • End regional armed conflicts to avoid rising migration and refugee conundrums where food issues have to be tackled.
  • Resolve prime issues surrounding refugees and provide opportunities for them to sustain themselves through employment.
  • Generate efficient food security programs to manage food supply and guarantee access for all.
  • Empower women to ensure they have a financial decision-making influence and say on the household.