• The ocean is richly biodiverse and feeds billions of people, yet we fail to care enough for it. Some of the immediate issues that pose a threat to our oceans are developmental activities, overfishing, tourism, and energy extraction.
  • Oceans are extremely vulnerable to the effects of climate change which not only contribute to the rapid loss of biodiversity, but also trigger an imbalance in our marine ecosystems.
  • Ocean are subject to high levels of pollution, contributed by illegal ocean dumping, direct waste disposal into the seas, and oil and chemical spills. Research suggests that up to 90% of plastic dumped illegally in some countries end up in the ocean.

  • Industries play a key role in the illegal dumping of wastes and these include sewage sludge, wastes from plastics, pharmaceutical as well as petrochemical manufacturing and transportation.
  • Land runoff, also known as a nonpoint source of pollution, can be generated from pesticides and agricultural fertilizers, and can get carried into the sea in the form of runoff. It lowers coastal water quality and affects marine ecosystems.
  • Copper and gold mining is another major source of ocean contamination. These metals are pollutants to the oceans and can interfere with marine organisms and livelihoods that depend on the ocean.

  • A lack of conservation efforts could see the loss and extinction of species and marine habitat degradations that could have implications on our natural marine ecosystems.
  • The degradation of biodiverse coral reefs is especially impactful on island nations such as Samoa, Indonesia and the Philippines, which have many families relying on the ecosystems of coral reefs for their survival.
  • Oceans soak up more than half the carbon dioxide that enters the atmosphere due to human activity. This results in rising oceanic temperatures and increased acidification of the ocean, placing at risk the survival of multiple marine species.

  • Activate the protection of ecosystems by restricting and monitoring human activities such as poaching and fishing, and imposing penalties to those who flout the law.
  • Design better rubbish disposal systems for households to compartmentalize their recyclables and avail disposal facilities in rural and remote areas to avoid illegal dumping of waste.
  • Infuse civic consciousness into schools through voluntary community clean-up projects.