• Some regions of the world do not have access to safe water.
  • Some regions of the world do not have access to sanitation facilities and services in some areas.

  • Inefficient and insufficient water supply systems.
  • Rising demands by growing population, agriculture and industrial needs.
  • Weak investments in public water management infrastructure and even lesser investments in sanitation.
  • Droughts and natural disasters.
  • Outdated irrigation policies in farming.

  • One in three people lack access to a safe and clean toilet and many people still defecate in the open.
  • Inadequate sanitation and unsafe drinking water are public health hazards and the leading cause of infectious diseases such as cholera, malaria, diarrhea and intestinal-related issues, that could result in death.
  • Poor sanitation impacts economic growth. The resolution of poor sanitation issues amounts to over 5 billion US dollars annually in Africa. (The World Bank).
  • Time spent collecting potable water reduces time that can be used to work and earn income, or to attend school and receive an education.
  • Girls who are unable to handle menstrual hygiene due to the lack of clean water and sanitation facilities could miss school for almost 5 to 7 days a month. This affects their education and leads to increased attrition rates.

  • Greater effort and co-operation is needed from governments, businesses and civil societies of developing nations to improve public water management and sanitation infrastructure.
  • Introduce STEM projects in schools that think of innovative and economical solutions for households to have access to potable water.
  • Increase funds dedicated to clean water and sanitation infrastructure.
  • Educate through schools and residential talks on hygienic practices to reduce contamination and spread of disease.
  • Explore technologically advanced and safe practices to treat water in homes to ensure they are safe to drink. eg. through the use of purifying tablets or developing cost-friendly filtration systems.